What does SAT stand for, what are Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2 and how are the exams marked?

SCHOOLKIDS are facing the latest round of national tests as the SATs kick off for 2019.

Here is all the information on the exams for children aged seven and 11.

What does SAT stand for?

SAT stands for Statutory Assessment Test.

They are designed as a way for teachers to check the progress their pupils are making in some key subject areas.

The three areas tested are maths, English reading, and grammar, punctuation and spelling.

After Key Stage 2, science is sometimes included in SATs.

SATs are taken across England with different tests carried out in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

What are Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2?

Key Stage 1 is the first level of testing kids go through in their school career.

This year the tests will be carried out over the month of May.

It is the legal term for the two years of schooling in state schools in England and Wales when pupils are aged between five and seven.

Normally they will be in years one and two during this time frame.

Key Stage 2 is the second level of testing for kids aged between seven and 11-years-old.

It spans the school years of three, four, five and six, before pupils go on to secondary school.

How are the exams marked?

English and maths papers completed by pupils at the age of seven (Key Stage 1, Year 2) are marked by the class teacher.

But some papers may be sent to the local education authority to be moderated to make sure marking is consistent. Science is teacher-assessed only.

In contrast, all papers taken at Key Stage 2 by children at the age of 11 in English (reading and punctuation, spelling and grammar) and maths are marked externally.

A test in science is also carried out in 10,000 schools to assess national standards at Key Stage 2, but in the majority of schools science is teacher-assessed.

Schools receive their provisional overall results for the school and individual pupils by the end of July.

It’s down to each school to decide how they give individual pupils' results to parents.

Many schools send a sheet of results home with the child, usually as part of their end-of-year report, if the marks come through before the end of term.

For KS1 SATs you won't receive your child's actual SATs scores unless you ask for them, but you will be told whether your child is working at the expected level.

National, local authority and individual schools' results are published in December.

The list of KS2 SATs outcome codes in full is:

  • AS: the expected standard has been achieved
  • NS: the expected standard has not been achieved
  • A: the child was absent from one or more of the test papers
  • B: the child is working below the level assessed by KS2 SATs
  • M: the child missed the test
  • T: the child is working at the level of the tests but is unable to access them (because all or part of a test is not suitable for a pupil with particular special educational needs)

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